Premenstrual syndrome, or PMS, commonly affects women of childbearing age. It typically appears in the days between ovulation and menstrual bleeding. PMS resolves on its own after menopause.
PMS symptoms vary considerably but may include decreased alertness, mood swings, anxiety, irritability, depression, constipation, diarrhea, low sex drive, food cravings, sleep disturbances, swelling and tenderness of the breasts, cramps, back pain, headaches, fatigue, and bloating. While some women experience only a few symptoms, others experience many and with greater severity.
Researchers believe that PMS develops because of hormonal changes that occur during the menstrual cycle. Also, PMS may be genetic, as many women who experience symptoms have relatives with PMS.
Certain at-home treatments may alleviate some of PMS symptoms. For example, women who limit their caffeine intake, exercise regularly, and eat a nutritious diet may limit their symptoms. However, if symptoms persist and are severe, even with at-home treatment, medication may be necessary. The Women’s Group prescribes birth control or antidepressants to women with severe PMS symptoms.
Some PMS symptoms occur regardless of preventive measures. However, some patients notice their symptoms improve when they improve their overall health through regular exercise and a healthier diet.
Every woman is different when it comes to PMS symptoms. Some mild PMS symptoms are considered normal. However, our staff at The Women’s Group recommends that patients seek treatment for PMS when the symptoms disrupt their everyday life, cause pain or severe discomfort, or reduce the patient’s quality of life. We diagnose some women who have severe symptoms with premenstrual dysphoric disorder, or PMDD. If you’re suffering from PMS call or schedule an appointment online with the state of the art physicians at The Women’s Group.
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